1 February History: India and World History of Major Events

History, like a tapestry, is woven with threads of events, personalities, and cultural shifts. February 1 stands as a significant date in this intricate fabric, with both India and the world witnessing major historical moments that have left lasting imprints. Let’s embark on a journey through time, exploring the tapestry of events that unfolded on this remarkable day.

February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are still 333 days left in the year (334 in leap years).

Major Events of February 1

1786 – Lord Cornwallis became the Governor General of India.
1790 – The ‘Supreme Court of the United States’ was organized for the first time in New York City.
1793 – France declares war on the ‘United Kingdom’ and the Netherlands.
1797 – Lord Cornwallis took oath as the Governor General of Bengal.
1814 – About 1,200 people died due to volcanic eruption in the Philippines.
1827 – Calcutta Bengal Club was established.
1835 – East India Company took Darjeeling on lease from Sikkim.
1835 – ‘Slavery system’ ended in Mauritius.
1855 – East India Railway was formally inaugurated.
1881 – St. Stephen’s College, the oldest college of Delhi, was established.
1884 – Postal Insurance Scheme came into force.
1884 – Publication of the first volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, ‘A to Aunt’.
1908 – Portugal’s King Carlos I and Crown Prince Louis Philippe were assassinated in Lisbon and Manuel II became the ruler.
1922 – Mahatma Gandhi informed the Viceroy of India about intensifying the non-cooperation movement.
1924 – U.S.S.R. Recognized the United Kingdom.
1924 – Britain recognized the Soviet Union.
1949 – Press Trust of India acquired the Associated Press of India.
1953 – More than 2500 people died due to floods in the Netherlands, Belgium, England and Scotland, of which 1836 people died in the Netherlands alone.
1956 – South Africa demanded the withdrawal of the Soviet Union’s consular staff.
1958 – Egypt and Syria were merged into the ‘United Arab Republic’, which remained until 1961.
1964 – ‘Unit Trust’ was established in India.
1972 – International Aviation Administration of India was formed.
1974 – 227 people died in a fire in a 25-floor bank building in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
1974 – Kuala Lumpur was declared a federal territory.
1976 – National Samvad Samachar Samachar was formed.
1977 – Indian Coast Guard was formed for the first time.
1977 – Establishment of India’s first National Railway Museum, New Delhi.
1979 – Ruhollah Khomeini’s arrival in Iran after living in exile for 14 years.
1985 – Mohammad Azharuddin created a world record of centuries in three consecutive Tests by scoring a century in Kanpur.
1991 – About 1200 people died due to earthquake in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
1992 – Chief Justice of Bhopal declared former CEO of ‘Union Carbide’ Warren Anderson absconding. (Bhopal Gas Tragedy)
1992 – Union Territory Delhi was given the new name ‘National Capital Territory of Delhi’.
1994 – Jose Anala Leso appointed the first United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
1998 – Peter Korda defeated Marcelo Rios to win the Australian Open Tennis Championship.
1999 – International Islamic Synod organized in Tangi (Bangladesh), Pakistan High Court issues order for publication of leading newspaper group ‘Jang’.
2002 – American journalist Daniel Pearl was murdered by terrorists by beheading.
2003 – Seven astronauts, including India’s Kalpana Chawla, were killed in the ‘Columbia spacecraft accident’ while returning from space.
2004 – 251 people died and 244 injured in a stampede during Haj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
2005 – Nepal King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev removed Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuva and took over all the executive powers for three years.
2006 – The United States announces a ten-year ‘American Competitiveness Plan’.
2007 – IFFCO decided to set up a joint venture with Jordanian company JPM.
2009 – India defeated New Zealand 2-0 in the four-nation ‘Punjab Gold Cup Hockey Tournament’.
2009 – Indian pair of Mahesh Bhupathi and Sania Mirza won the mixed doubles title for the first time in Melbourne, Australia.
2012 – 74 people were killed in riots that broke out during a football match in Port Said, Egypt.

World History and Events of February 1

1884 – The first volume (A to Ant) of the Oxford English Dictionary is published. This monumental work continues to be the definitive reference for English language, documenting its evolution and usage over centuries.

1893 – American inventor Thomas Edison completes the world’s first movie studio, the Black Maria. This marked the dawn of a new era in filmmaking, paving the way for the development of Hollywood and the global film industry.

1971 – The Battle of Stalingrad in World War II ends with the surrender of German troops to the Soviets. This pivotal battle marked a major turning point in the war, weakening the German army and giving the Allies the upper hand.

2003 – The U.S. space shuttle Columbia disintegrates while re-entering Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven crew members on board. This tragic accident highlighted the inherent risks of space exploration and led to changes in NASA’s safety protocols.


1861 – Brahmabandhav Upadhyay – Indian freedom fighter.
1915 – Alicia Rhett
1915 – Shambhunath Dey – was an Indian scientist who did research on cholera bacteria.
1930 – Shahabuddin Ahmed
1931 – Boris Yeltsin
1931 – Yazuddin Ahmed
1937 – Don Everly
1982 – Shoaib Malik
1917 – AK Hangal – Character film artist.
1955 – Satpal Singh – India’s famous wrestling wrestler.
1956 – Brahmanandan, Indian film actor
1957 – Jackie Shroff (Jai Kishan Shroff), film actor
1967 – Shishupal Nathu Patle, Indian politician
1971 – Ajay Jadeja, cricketer


1952- Ramharkh Singh Sehgal was a well-known journalist of his time and a person with revolutionary sentiments.
2013 – Shanu Lahiri was a well-known Indian art teacher and Bengali painter.
2017 – Edappakath Ahmed was an Indian politician who was the External Affairs Minister of India in the Manmohan Singh government.
2020 – Noted Punjabi writer and Sahitya Akademi awardee Jaswant Singh Kanwal (101 years) passed away in Moga.
1882 – Nain Singh Rawat – was the first Indian to discover the Himalayan regions.
1922 – Yamagata Aritomo, third Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1838)
1922 – William Desmond Taylor, Irish film director (b. 1872)
1969- Magan Bhai Desai – was a famous Gandhian thinker and educationist.
2003 – Kalpana Chawla, an Indian American astronaut and Space Shuttle mission specialist

Important Occasions and Celebrations

coast guard day
Forest Fire Safety Day (week).
National Snake Day.
national get up day
​World Hijab Day.
National Texas Day.
February International Day.
National Dark Chocolate Day.
World Aspergillosis Day.
Chinese New Year
Indian Coast Guard Day.
National tribal festival ‘Aadi Mahotsav’ begins.
Forest Fire Safety Day (1-7 February every year).

Date Wise More Events of February Month

1 February17 February
2 February18 February
3 February19 February
4 February20 February
5 February21 February
6 February22 February
7 February23 February
8 February24 February
9 February25 February
10 February26 February
11 February27 February
12 February28 February
13 February29 February
14 February
15 February
16 February

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Is February 1 significant in global history?

Yes, February 1 has witnessed various significant events globally, contributing to the historical narrative on a worldwide scale.

Who are some notable personalities born on February 1?

Notable personalities born on February 1 include Alicia Rhett, Ajay Jadeja each making substantial contributions in their respective fields.

What are some lesser-known events on February 1?

While some events on February 1 are widely recognized, there are also lesser-known stories that hold historical significance.

How can we learn from historical events on February 1?

Learning from historical events on February 1 involves extracting lessons and insights that can guide us in addressing contemporary challenges.