November 11th holds a special place in Indian history, marked by significant events, remarkable individuals, and unique details. In this article, we will explore the major occurrences, births, deaths, and external facts related to this day in India and World. November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are still 50 more days left in the year.
1918: Armistice agreement signed between the Allies and Germany, officially ending World War I. The ceasefire took effect at 11:00 AM (the “11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month”), hence the day’s commemoration as Armistice Day and later Veteran’s Day in many countries.
1923: Adolf Hitler is arrested in Munich for high treason following the Beer Hall Putsch, an attempt to overthrow the Bavarian government.
1926: The United States Numbered Highway System is established, a vast network of roads spanning the country.
1930: Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.
1934: The Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne, Australia, is opened to honor those who served in World War I.
1940: In World War II, the Royal Navy launches the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history, striking the Italian battleship Conte di Cavour in the Battle of Taranto.
1888: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, a prominent freedom fighter, scholar, and India’s first Minister of Education, is born. His birth anniversary is celebrated as National Education Day.
1956: The Indian Constitution is amended to officially recognize Hindi as the official language of India, with English remaining an associate official language.
1975: Angola gains independence from Portuguese colonial rule.
1999: The Kargil War, a limited military conflict between India and Pakistan, ends with a ceasefire agreement.
1888: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Indian freedom fighter and scholar.
1934: Richard Feynman, American physicist and Nobel laureate.
1941: Lech Wałęsa, Polish politician and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
1947: Steve Jobs, American entrepreneur and co-founder of Apple Inc.
1957: Madonna, American singer, songwriter, and actress.
1923: Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish essayist, poet, and novelist.
1953: Sir Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister and Nobel Prize laureate.
1980: Charlie Chaplin, British actor, filmmaker, and comedian.
1993: Andrei Sakharov, Soviet physicist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
2008: Yasser Arafat, Palestinian leader and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
Celebrations and Observances
National Education Day (India)
In honor of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s birth anniversary, India celebrates National Education Day on November 11th. It emphasizes the importance of education in shaping a nation’s future.
Singles’ Day (China)
November 11th is celebrated as Singles’ Day in China, an unofficial holiday that has become the world’s largest shopping event. It’s a day for single people to celebrate their status and indulge in retail therapy.
November 11, 1918, marked the end of World War I, as the Armistice was signed, bringing an end to the global conflict.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a prominent leader in India’s struggle for independence and a key figure in shaping the nation’s destiny.
Singles’ Day is an unofficial holiday celebrated in China, where single people indulge in shopping and celebrate their status.