12 January History: India and World History of Major Events

History is a tapestry woven with countless moments, each contributing to the rich narrative of humanity’s past. January 12th stands as a significant date, witnessing pivotal events that shaped both India and the world. Let’s delve into the annals of time and explore the intriguing occurrences etched into the fabric of this day. India’s and World’s history on January 12th echoes tales of ancient civilizations and cultural milestones. From archaeological discoveries to cultural festivities, this day signifies the roots of India’s and the world’s heritage.

January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are still 353 days left in the year (354 in leap years).

On this day in 1863, Swami Vivekananda was born in Calcutta. Swami Vivekananda is known for his fearless speeches.

On this day, the revolutionary Surya Sen, who fought for India’s independence, was hanged by the British.

Prashant Kumar Purushottam was born on 12 January 1984 in Mohanpur, Bihar.

Major Events of January 12

1924- Gopinath Saha killed a man by mistake, mistaking him for Kolkata Police Commissioner Charles Augustus Taggart. After this he was arrested.
Millions of people are feared dead in the worst earthquake in 240 years that hit the Caribbean country of Haiti at 4:53 a.m., measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale. In this, the National Palace, United Nations Peace Headquarters, many hospitals and many other buildings were destroyed. The epicenter of the earthquake was about 15 kilometers from the capital Port au Prince.
Nuclear scientist Professor Masoud Ali Mohammadi was assassinated by a bomb blast in Iran’s capital Tehran.
The Government of India added the death penalty clause to the Anti-Hijacking Act 1982 amid fears of terrorist attacks on the civil aviation sector.

World History and Events of January 12

475: Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee Constantinople, and his general Basiliscus takes control of the empire.

1528: Gustav I of Sweden is crowned King of Sweden.

1773: Captain James Cook crosses the Antarctic Circle for the first time.

1962: The first US combat mission in Vietnam, Operation Chopper, begins.

2006: The Deep Impact space probe launches on a mission to study Comet Tempel 1.


1917 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi – Indian spiritual yogi
1922- Tadeusz Zyschuigz, Polish journalist, art historian and publicist. (d. 1994)
Swami Vivekananda was born on January 12, 1863 in Calcutta (Kolkata).
Prashant Kumar Purushottam was born on January 12, 1984 in Baghra Mohanpur, Samastipur (Bihar).
Jijabai, mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji


1976 – Agatha Christie, English author

Date Wise More Events of January Month

1 January17 January
2 January18 January
3 January19 January
4 January20 January
5 January21 January
6 January22 January
7 January23 January
8 January24 January
9 January25 January
10 January26 January
11 January27 January
12 January28 January
13 January29 January
14 January30 January
15 January31 January
16 January

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Are these historical events specific to January 12th alone?

Yes, these events occurred specifically on January 12th in various years, marking their significance on this particular date.

How did global events influence India’s history on January 12th?

Global events often impacted India, influencing policies, cultural exchanges, and sometimes, sparking movements within the country.

Were there any major scientific breakthroughs on January 12th?

Yes, several significant scientific discoveries and advancements were recorded on this date across different eras.

How do these historical events resonate with modern-day India?

Many of these events laid the foundation for contemporary India, shaping its socio-cultural, political, and economic landscapes.