13 December History: India and World History of Major Events

December 13 holds a special place in the annals of history, witnessing a myriad of events that shaped nations, influenced cultures, and left an indelible mark on the world. Let’s embark on a journey through time to explore the significant historical milestones associated with this date. As the calendar flips to December 13, we find ourselves standing at the crossroads of time, surrounded by the echoes of events that unfolded on this remarkable day. From political shifts to cultural celebrations, this date encapsulates a rich tapestry of history, both in India and across the globe.

December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are still 18 more days left in the year.

Major Events of December 13

1232: Iltutmish, ruler of the Ghulam dynasty, captured Gwalior.
1916: 10,000 Austrian and Italian soldiers died in 24 hours in an avalanche in Tyrol, Austria.
1920: International Court of Justice of the League of Nations established in The Hague, Netherlands.
1921: Banaras Hindu University was inaugurated by the ‘Prince of Wales’.
1937: The Japanese won the Battle of Nanjing between China and Japan. After this, a period of massacre and atrocities continued for a long time.
1959: Archbishop Vakarios was elected the first President of Cyprus.
1961: Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi started his Test match career against England in Delhi.
1974: Malta became a republic.
1981: Seizure of power in Poland by the military.
1989: Five Kashmiri terrorists were released from jail in exchange for the release of Home Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed’s daughter from the clutches of terrorists.
1996: Kofi Annan was elected Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1998: Mahatma Ramchandra Veer was honored with the “Bhai Hanuman Prasad Poddar Rashtra Seva” award from Bada Bazaar Library, Kolkata.
2001: Terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament in Delhi.
2001: Israel broke contacts with Yasser Arafat.
2003: Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was arrested near his hometown of Tigrit.
2002: The European Union was enlarged. Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia were included in it.
2004: Talks on nuclear and Sir Creek started between India and Pakistan in Islamabad.
2004: Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet was placed under house arrest after being charged with kidnapping and genocide.
2006: Notification issued by the World Trade Organization for the inclusion of Vietnam as the 150th member.
2007: 17 LTTE militants were killed in a clash between the Sri Lankan Army and LTTE.
2008: 57% voting in 11 assembly constituencies for the fifth phase of Jammu and Kashmir.

World History of December 13

1642: Dutch explorer Abel Tasman becomes the first European to sight New Zealand, mistaking it for a part of a larger southern continent.

1795: A meteorite crashes into Wold Newton, Yorkshire, England. It is the second largest meteorite ever found in the UK.

1893: The National Guard of the United States is founded as the Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend against the Pequot Indians.

1901: Guglielmo Marconi transmits the first transatlantic radio signal from Cornwall, England, to St. John’s, Newfoundland.

1939: World War II: Uruguay declares war on Germany.

1960: The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples.

1972: The last human beings leave the Moon as the Apollo 17 crew blasts off from the lunar surface.

1989: Rubaiya Sayeed, daughter of Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, the then Union Home Minister of India, is kidnapped by militants demanding the release of five of their comrades. The government concedes to their demands and releases the five militants.

2001: The Indian Parliament is attacked by five heavily armed terrorists belonging to Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed, leading to a 12-hour-long gun battle in which all five terrorists, nine security personnel and a civilian are killed.

2003: Former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein is captured by U.S. forces near Tikrit, Iraq, after nine months in hiding following the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

2012: Malala Yousafzai, a Pakistani schoolgirl and activist for female education, is shot in the head by the Taliban on her way home from school.

2014: A 7.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near Imphal, Manipur, India, killing at least 11 people and injuring hundreds.

2016: The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopts Resolution 2334, which condemns Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territories as illegal under international law.

2021: The United States holds its first-ever Summit for Democracy, a virtual event that brings together leaders from over 100 countries to discuss the challenges and opportunities facing democracies around the world.


1903: Ilachandra Joshi – Initiator of psychological novels in Hindi.
1925: Lakshmi Chandra Jain – was a famous economist of India.


1048: Alberuni – a Persian scholar, writer, scientist, religionist and thinker.
1986: Smita Patil – Famous Indian actress of Hindi films

Important Occasions and Celebrations

All India Handicraft Week (08-14 December)**
Air Safety Day (Week)

Date Wise More Events of December Month

1 December12 December23 December
2 December13 December24 December
3 December14 December25 December
4 December15 December26 December
5 December16 December27 December
6 December17 December28 December
7 December18 December29 December
8 December19 December30 December
9 December20 December31 December
10 December21 December
11 December22 December

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Why is December 13 significant in history?

December 13 holds significance due to a multitude of historical events globally and in India, ranging from political shifts to cultural celebrations.

What major political developments occurred on December 13?

Political landscapes have seen shifts and impactful decisions on this date, shaping the course of nations. Explore the article for specific details.

Are there any notable figures associated with December 13?

Yes, individuals born or passing away on December 13 have left lasting legacies in various fields. Discover more about these influential figures in the article.

How has December 13 influenced cultural and social happenings?

Communities worldwide come together on December 13 to celebrate cultural identities and commemorate shared histories. Delve into the article for more information.