18 January History: India and World History of Major Events

January 18th holds a significant place in both India’s history and the global historical timeline. This date marks the occurrence of numerous noteworthy events and the birth or passing of influential personalities that have left a lasting impact on societies worldwide. Exploring the historical context behind this date unveils a tapestry of events that have shaped civilizations, both in India and across the world. From political shifts to cultural revolutions, January 18th has been witness to a myriad of happenings that have influenced our present.

January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are still 347 days left in the year (348 in leap years).

Major Events of January 18

336- Saint Mark was elected Catholic Pope.
1670- Henry Morgan captured Panama.
1691- Britain’s King William II visited The Hague, Netherlands.
1701- Frederick III of Brandenburg ascended the throne of Prussia.
1778- James Cook became the first European to discover the Hawaiian Islands. He named it “Sandwich Island”.
1862- Formation of Arizona Confederation Territory in America.
1866- Wesley College, Melbourne was established.
1871- Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck established the Second German Empire.
1886- Hockey Association was formed in England. This day is seen as the birthday of modern hockey.
1896- “X-ray machine” was first demonstrated.
1915- An agreement was reached between France, Russia and Britain during the First World War, which is known as the Secret Agreement.
1919- “Bentley Motors Limited” was established.
1923- The Elon College campus was destroyed.
1930- Rabindranath Tagore visited Mahatma Gandhi’s Sabarmati Ashram.
1945- The Soviet Union’s army reached the Polish city of Kraków and forced Germany to retreat from there.
1951- Lie detector machine was used for the first time in Netherlands.
1952- Anti-British riots broke out in Egypt.
1954- Fanfani formed the government in Italy.
1959- Mahatma Gandhi’s associate Meera Ben (Madeline Slade) left India.
1960- America and Japan signed a joint defense agreement.
1963- France advocated separation of Britain from the European Common Market.
1968- The United States and the Soviet Union agreed to the draft of a treaty to control nuclear weapons.
1968- The then Soviet Union conducted nuclear tests in East Kazakhstan.
1974- Israel and Egypt signed an arms agreement.
1976- France expelled 40 Soviet officials from the country on charges of espionage.
1986- Foreign citizens started fleeing when fierce conflict started in Aden, the capital of South Yemen.
1987- In a meeting of representatives of the media from 40 countries in London, a united struggle against censorship was announced.
1989- Millions of people demonstrated in Czechoslovakia in support of freedom, truth and human rights.
1991- Eastern Airlines was closed due to economic reasons.
1995- Yahoo.com domain was created.
1997- India’s first electric car “Reva” was launched in Bengaluru.
1997- Nafisa Joseph became Miss India.
1999- Nobel Prize winner Prof. Amarmya Sen was nominated for Bharat Ratna.
2001- After the assassination of Laurent Kavila, his son took power in Congo.
2002- United States agreed to provide state-of-the-art weapons to India.
2002- Colin Powell said that India will talk only if Pakistan takes action on the list of terrorists.
2002- Civil war ends in West African country Sierra Leone.
2003- Libya appointed Chairman of the United Nations Human Rights Commission.
2004- India defeated Australia by 19 runs in the ODI cricket series.
2005- Supreme Court recommended not to allot petrol pumps to MPs.
2005- The Prime Ministers of the three Caribbean countries Trinidad-Tobago, Grenada, St. Vicente and Grenada together proposed political unification.
2006- The Supreme Court approved euthanasia in the United States.
2008- George Clooney was made a United Nations peace envoy.
2008- Guidelines for opening private universities were approved in the cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Mayawati.
2008- A volcano in southern Colombia erupted.
2009- The Second Administrative Reforms Commission presented its recommendations to the government.
2009- Saurabh Ganguly was honored with a gold bat by the Bengal Cricket Association.
2019- Justice Maheshwari, Justice Khanna took oath as judges of the Supreme Court.
2019- Cricket: India’s historic victory over Australia due to Dhoni and Jadhav.
2020- Vinesh Phogat won gold medal in Rome Ranking Series.

World History and Events of January 18

1778: Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands: During his third voyage of exploration, English explorer Captain James Cook becomes the first European to land on the Hawaiian Islands. This event marks the beginning of Western contact with Hawaii, which would have a profound impact on the islands’ culture and history.

1871: The German Empire is founded: After their victory in the Franco-Prussian War, the German states unify under King Wilhelm I, who is proclaimed Kaiser Wilhelm I. This marks the official birth of the German Empire, a powerful nation that would play a major role in European affairs for the next 47 years.

1919: The Paris Peace Conference opens: Delegates from 27 nations gather in Versailles, France, to formally end World War I and negotiate peace treaties with the defeated Central Powers. The conference would result in the signing of the Treaty of Versailles with Germany, which imposed harsh penalties on the nation and sowed the seeds for future conflict.

1943: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins: Jewish prisoners in the Warsaw Ghetto, a Nazi-imposed district in occupied Poland, launch an armed rebellion against their German captors. The uprising, motivated by a desire for freedom and dignity, would last for 28 days and become a symbol of Jewish resistance during the Holocaust.

1993: Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is officially observed for the first time in all 50 US states: After years of campaigning by civil rights activists, the federal holiday honoring the influential civil rights leader and Nobel Peace Prize laureate is finally celebrated nationwide. This marked a significant step forward in recognizing and celebrating King’s legacy in the United States.


1842- Mahadev Govind Ranade – Judge (d. 1901)
1927- Sundaram Balachandran – Veena player (d. 1990)
1952- Kooj Muniswami Veerappan – sandalwood smuggler (d. 2004)
1959- Acharya Devvrat – Governor of Gujarat
1972- Vinod Kambli – Cricket player
1975- Monica Bedi – Actress
1985- Minissha Lamba – Actress


1996- NT Rama Rao – Politician and actor
2003-Harivansh Rai Bachchan-Poet

Date Wise More Events of January Month

1 January17 January
2 January18 January
3 January19 January
4 January20 January
5 January21 January
6 January22 January
7 January23 January
8 January24 January
9 January25 January
10 January26 January
11 January27 January
12 January28 January
13 January29 January
14 January30 January
15 January31 January
16 January

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Why is January 18th significant in history?

January 18th holds significance due to its association with pivotal historical events, influential personalities’ births or passings, and cultural celebrations that have left a lasting impact on India and the world.

Which famous personalities share their birthdate with January 18th?

Notable personalities born on January 18th include Monica Bedi and Minissha Lamba, who have made significant contributions to various fields.

Are there any specific cultural celebrations associated with January 18th?

Yes, January 18th is commemorated through diverse cultural festivities and observances globally, showcasing the rich tapestry of traditions and celebrations.

How is January 18th remembered in modern times?

In contemporary society, January 18th retains its relevance through educational initiatives, cultural commemorations, and reflections on historical lessons, keeping alive the significance of past events and influential figures.