26 January History: India and World History of Major Events

26th January holds immense significance both for India and the global historical timeline. It marks a pivotal day in the annals of Indian history as well as witnessing major events worldwide. Understanding the multifaceted significance of this date illuminates its rich historical tapestry. The genesis of Republic Day in India traces back to its journey towards independence. Commemorating the day the Constitution came into force, it symbolizes unity in diversity through traditional ceremonies and modern manifestations.

January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are still 339 days left in the year (340 in leap years).

republic day in india
australia day in australia

Major Events of January 26

1788- Australia became a colony of Britain.
1905- The world’s largest diamond, Culian, was found in Pretoria, South Africa. Its weight was 3106 carats.
1924- Petrograd (St. Petersburg) was renamed Leningrad.
1930- Swaraj Day was celebrated for the first time in India.
1931- Mahatma Gandhi was released for talks with the British government during the Civil Disobedience Movement.

India was declared a sovereign democratic republic and the Constitution of India came into force.
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, the first and last Governor General of independent India, resigned from his post and Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of the country.
The lions of the Ashoka Pillar located in Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh were recognized as national symbols.
The Federal Court of India formed in the year 1937 was renamed as the Supreme Court.
Indian frigate HMIS Delhi was renamed as INS Delhi.

1972- Amar Jawan Jyoti established at India Gate, Delhi in memory of the soldiers martyred in the war.
1980 – Diplomatic relations between Israel and Egypt reestablished.
1981- Keeping in mind the ease of air traffic in North-East India, air service Vayudoot was started.
1982- To provide tourists with the luxury of traveling by rail, Indian Railways started the ‘Palace on Wheels’ service.
1994- Romania joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Signed military cooperation agreement with.
1996- The US Senate approved START-2, an agreement to reduce the nuclear arms and missile race with Russia.
2001- A massive earthquake of 7.7 magnitude in Bhuj, Gujarat. Lakhs of people were killed in this earthquake.
2003- America’s Martina Navratilova became the oldest player to win a Grand Slam tennis title.
2006- In Palestine, the opposition Hamas defeated the long-ruling organization Fatah in the elections.

A parliamentary report prepared after six months of deliberations by a panel of 32 MPs of the French Parliament described the burqa worn by Muslim women as against French values and called for the burqa to be worn in schools, hospitals, public transport services and government offices. Recommending a complete ban on its use.
India won the second Test against Bangladesh by 10 wickets in Mirpur to take the series 2–0.
President of India Pratibha Patil announced the names of 130 individuals to receive the Padma Award. These include theater legends Ibrahim Alkazi and Zohra Sehgal, famous actors Rekha and Aamir Khan, Oscar winners AR Rahman and Rasool Pokutty, Formula racer Narayan Karthikeyan, cricketer Virender Sehwag, badminton player Saina Nehwal and cricketer Sachin Tendulkar’s mentor Ramakant Achrekar.

World History and Events of January 26

1942: The first US military force arrives in Europe during World War II, landing in Northern Ireland.

1965: Hindi is declared the official language of India alongside English.

1949: The Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory sees first light, becoming the largest aperture optical telescope (until 1976).

1788: Australia Day, commemorating the arrival of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove

1926: First public demonstration of television by John Logie Baird

1934: German-Polish declaration of non-aggression is signed

1939: Spanish Civil War: Catalonia Offensive – Barcelona falls to nationalist forces aided by Italy


2002- Shiv Pratap Yadav :- Young SP leader Firozabad
1967- Pradeep Somasundaran, Indian playback singer


1556-Humayun, Mughal emperor

Date Wise More Events of January Month

1 January17 January
2 January18 January
3 January19 January
4 January20 January
5 January21 January
6 January22 January
7 January23 January
8 January24 January
9 January25 January
10 January26 January
11 January27 January
12 January28 January
13 January29 January
14 January30 January
15 January31 January
16 January

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Why is 26 January significant in India’s history?

26 January marks the day when the Constitution of India came into effect in 1950, solidifying the country as a sovereign, democratic republic.

What events are traditionally observed on Republic Day in India?

Republic Day in India is celebrated with parades, cultural performances, the President’s address, and showcasing the nation’s diversity through tableau presentations.

How does the significance of 26 January extend beyond India’s borders?

The day coincides with significant global events, reflecting its broader historical resonance and impact beyond India.

What lessons can be learned from 26 January?

26 January emphasizes the values of unity, democracy, and resilience, urging reflection on the journey towards progress and the challenges ahead.