31 December History: India and World History of Major Events

As the year draws to a close, December 31 stands out as a date woven into the tapestry of history. This article delves into the annals of time, unraveling the major events that have shaped India and the world on this significant day. In India, December 31 marks a day of historical milestones. From political developments to cultural celebrations, this date has witnessed the unfolding of noteworthy events that left an indelible mark on the nation.

December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. This is the last day of the year.

Major Events of December 31

1802: Peshwa Bajirao II received British protection.

1861: Cherrapunji (Assam) received 22990 mm of rain, which is the highest rainfall at any place in the world.

1929: Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, Congress workers started a movement for complete independence in Lahore.

1945: The work of verification of the Charter of the United Nations was completed.

1949: 18 countries recognized the Republic of Indonesia.

Rajiv Gandhi became the seventh Prime Minister of India at the age of 40.
Mo. Azharuddin started his international cricket career by playing a Test match against England. Later he also became the captain of the Indian team.

1988: India and Pakistan signed an agreement to stop attacks on nuclear installations which became effective from 27 January 1991.

World History and Events of December 31

1775: The Battle of Quebec, a pivotal clash during the American Revolutionary War. Despite the Continental Army’s valiant attempt to capture the city, British forces successfully defended Quebec, ultimately influencing the course of the war.

1879: Thomas Edison publicly unveils his revolutionary invention – the incandescent light bulb. This marked a turning point in the history of illumination, paving the way for the widespread adoption of electric lighting.

1906: The signing of the Persian Constitution, a landmark document that established a constitutional monarchy in Iran. The constitution, although facing setbacks and amendments, marked a significant step towards representative government in the country.

1999: The official handover of the Panama Canal from the United States to Panama. This historic event marked the culmination of decades of negotiations and struggles for Panamanian control over the vital waterway.

2019: The World Health Organization receives reports of “viral pneumonia” cases in Wuhan, China, marking the initial detection of what would later become the devastating COVID-19 pandemic.


1925:Shri Lal Shukla: was a prominent Hindi litterateur. He was famous for writing purposeful satire in contemporary fiction.


1956 Pandit Ravi Shankar Shukla, the first Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, died in Delhi.

1986: Rajnarayan-was an Indian politician who defeated Indira Gandhi from Rae Bareli. He is called ‘Lokbandhu’.

2018: Kader Khan: Apart from being a Hindi film comedian, he is also a film director.

Date Wise More Events of December Month

1 December17 December
2 December18 December
3 December19 December
4 December20 December
5 December21 December
6 December22 December
7 December23 December
8 December24 December
9 December25 December
10 December26 December
11 December27 December
12 December28 December
13 December29 December
14 December30 December
15 December31 December
16 December

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Why is December 31 historically significant in India?

December 31 is historically significant in India due to the occurrence of pivotal events on this day. It marks milestones in the country’s political, cultural, and social landscape.

How do people typically reflect on the year on December 31?

On December 31, individuals often engage in personal reflection, contemplating the achievements, challenges, and personal growth they’ve experienced throughout the year. It’s a time for introspection and setting intentions for the future.